Now that you have chosen to drill your own water well instead of using the municipal water supply, the cost of your water and the electricity and equipment to get it from the well to your house is now yours. One of the things that you need to do to keep the well maintained is to complete a regular water test.
Private wells may not be regulated under the Environmental Protection Agency’s rules for protecting public drinking water, and even those rules that do apply may not cover your situation, so it will be up to you to determine what you need and comply with your own regulations for the safety of those using your water. You can get advice from local departments in your area and from the place where you purchase your water test kits. At Aquaknow, we have test kits for all types of contaminants and can advise you as to where to start and how to perform the test.
It is a good idea to begin with a water test before you start to use your well so that you have a baseline and some piece of mind from the beginning. After that, test it once a year for basic germs and contaminants and once every three years for more harmful chemicals. Be very aware of what is going on in the vicinity of your well, and test it immediately if there have been any significant environmental changes. If there has been flooding in the area, you should make sure that the well has not been compromised. If there has been any new development, especially of the type known to be harmful to the environment, such as a gas station or a waste disposal site, you should test the water. As well, test after you do any repairs to the well, or if you notice any changes to the water coming into your house.
The only way to discover what is in the water in your well is to perform a water test. There are a number of ways that contaminants can get into your well. Some contaminants, like arsenic, lead and cadmium occur naturally in ground water, and are likely to be found in your water supply at all times, usually in harmless quantities, but it is best to be sure. It is most important to check for contaminants caused by waste from humans or animals that may have entered your water supply from flooding.
Aquaknow has water test kits that can test for the most common contaminants and for any of the less common. However, the most common things you should be testing for are fecal coliform, nitrate, volatile organic compounds, and pH levels. In individual situations, you should also test for lead, arsenic, mercury, radium, atrazine and pesticides. Your local health authority or your environmental office will be able to tell you what is present in the ground in the area where you live. Aquaknow will help you purchase what you need and explain how to use the water test kit. It’s simple to test and the results will be analyzed and returned to you quickly.